Leslie Gruis

Leslie Gruis

Author

CyberSafety: What You Need to Know about Privacy

Leslie Gruis worked as a mathematician for the National Security Agency (NSA) for 30 years.  As a career intelligence officer, Dr. Gruis contributed to the debate on alleged privacy abuses from the inside. She worked with government attorneys to explain the capabilities that technologies brought in order to develop legally defensible sources and methods to protect national security while also preserving civil rights. Her last two assignments were at US Cyber Command and the National Intelligence Council at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Dr. Gruis’ first book Privacy: Past, Present and Future was published in 2020. She holds a PhD in Applied Mathematics and Engineering Sciences from Northwestern University, and an AB in Mathematics from The University of Chicago.